Matthew Wyatt FCA explains the need for forecasting and how to implement it in your hospitality business.
You've probably heard someone say it before particularly if you've been in the hospitality trade..."forecasting". But what is forecasting? And if you're the owner manager of a hospitality business, is forecasting vital to operations?
Let's start with the second question, YES! And we'll explain why it's so important. But first let's go through what forecasting in the hospitality trade is. That way you can get a grasp on how to use it effectively in your revenue and management strategy.
In it's simplest definition, forecasting is a tool to help owners anticipate future business performance based on a range of factors. It's commonly used in the hospitality trade to optimise potential future profits and cash flow.
It can be a complex undertaking which may discourage you from implementing the forecasting method. However, it's essential for the decision making process. That's particularly the case when it comes to hospitality businesses that often contend with high fixed costs and a perishable inventory.
As you can see, forecasting isn't just about making weather predictions, it's about improving the chances of success for your business. First, you need to understand the basics:
Think about how you determine pricing, sales and marketing strategy. Are you using historical data and industry trends to make educated predictions to help design your business plan?
What is forecasting in the hospitality industry?
For some professionals in the hospitality industry forecasting might be a new concept, or perhaps one that they have stayed away from out of fear of making the wrong decision. How many of you run your business on instinct?
While this may work for the short term, it's important to use the data you have to make informed decisions that will affect your business now and in the future.
Another important thing to point out is that forecasts (particularly in the hospitality industry) are not static. Your predictions will more likely than not change based on several different factors. You can see evidence of this at the very top of the aforementioned article,
Some key performance indicators will be affected by the unpredictable nature of the hospitality sector. The goal of forecasting is to give businesses a better understanding of how they will perform in the future. This allows them to make educated projections on key metrics, plan for future uncertainties and leave adequate time to make adjustments if necessary.
You can find forecasting used in a number of different ways throughout accommodation, as well as, food and beverage focused businesses including :
Average room rates
Costs and pricing
Forecasting methods and how they work
There are two commonly used prediction methods when it comes to forecasting.
1. The Qualitative Method
Short term predications that use market research and expert knowledge in order to compile results into a forecast, this is called the Qualitative Method.
2. The Quantitative Method
For more long term forecasting the Quantitative Method is more widely used. This method includes making predictions based on historical data such as sales.
Both methods of forecasting centre around a general "how-to" process:
Ways to get the most from your forecasting
We said it earlier. Forecasting can be a bit intimidating because it's a bit of a guessing game. The wrong information can lead you to the wrong potential strategy. That can be a plan for disaster. That being said there are ways that you can ensure you get the most from your forecasting that will help ensure successful predictions.
Here are 5 steps to perfecting hospitality business forecasting:
Utilise past performance data, the numbers are there so put them to work!
Be in the know when it comes to industry trends and observe them closely. Also, keep an eye on what your competitors are doing, they might have come across something you've missed.
Don't set it and forget it when it comes to your forecasts, refer to them regularly. Review your predictions and compare them to your actuals, were your assumptions correct? If not, make edits to the forecasts where necessary.
Work with your marketing department, they'll know the trends and issues surrounding the market.
Forecasting is a complicated process. If done incorrectly this could mean big issues for your business. It could cost you time and money. That's why it’s best to seek professional advice to help you produce forecasts that are likely to be realistic and accurate.
The content of this post is up to date and relevant as at 29/05/2019.
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